2022 US Fire Loss Report

Kootenai County Fire & Rescue

Key Findings

  • In 2022, local fire departments responded to an estimated 1.5 million fires in the United States. These fires caused 3,790 civilian fire deaths and 13,250 reported civilian fire injuries. The property damage caused by these fires was estimated at $18 billion.
  • On average, a fire department responded to a fire somewhere in the US every 21 seconds in 2022. A home structure fire was reported every 88 seconds, a home fire death occurred every three hours and fourteen minutes, and a home fire injury occurred every 53 minutes.
  • More than one-third of the fires (522,500 — or 35 percent) occurred in or on structures. Most of the fire losses were caused by these fires, including 2,790 of the civilian fire deaths (77 percent); 11,720 of the civilian fire injuries (88 percent); and $15 billion of the direct property damage (83 percent).
  • Only one-quarter of the fires (25 percent) occurred in home properties, including one- or two-family homes and apartments or other multifamily housing, yet these fires caused almost three-quarters of the civilian fire deaths (72 percent) and injuries (75 percent).
  • One of every five fires (19 percent) occurred in one- or two-family homes, yet these fires caused more than half of the civilian fire deaths (59 percent) and civilian fire injuries (54 percent). The five percent of fires that occurred in apartments caused 16 percent of the civilian fire deaths and 21 percent of the injuries.
  • Vehicle fires accounted for 13 percent of the fires, 16 percent of the civilian deaths, and 5 percent of the civilian injuries.
  • Neither structures nor vehicles were involved in half of the fires reported in 2022 (51 percent). These fires included brush, grass, or wildland fires — excluding crops, timber, and other properties of value (22 percent); outside rubbish fires (16 percent); outside fires involving property of value (6 percent); and other fires (6 percent).
  • The 2022 overall estimate for total fire incidents was 50 percent lower than in 1980. Additionally, property loss, adjusted for inflation, was 20 percent lower in 2022 than in 1980.
  • The 2022 estimate of total fire deaths was 42 percent lower than in 1980, home fire deaths were 48 percent lower, deaths in one- or two-family home fires were 46 percent lower, and apartment fire deaths were 54 percent lower.
  • However, data suggest that less progress has been made in preventing deaths and injuries associated with reported fires. For overall home fires, the 2022 rate of 7.5 deaths per 1,000 reported home fires was higher than the rate of 7.1 in 1980. The death rate for one- or two-family home fires was 14 percent higher than in 1980, while the rate for apartment fires was 18 percent lower.
  • Most of the reduction in reported fires and fire losses occurred more than a decade ago. Thus, there is more work to be done to reduce fire incidence and improve life safety, particularly regarding home fires.


The societal effects of the COVID-19 pandemic in recent years are still uncertain, as are their impact on fire incidences, casualties, and injuries. For many, 2022 was a return to pre-COVID-19 practices. For others, their lifestyles remain the same.

Reposted from the NFPA Research 2022 Report